Hypothesis step one (H1)
Even with migration experience, first-generation migrant ladies in Sweden showcase fertility habits, with regards to time and you can quantum, similar to that of stayers on provider – socialisation theory.
Hypothesis dos (H2)
The fresh virility behaviour of basic-generation migrant ladies differs in regard to timing and you can quantum to this of each other stayers on supply (H2a) and you will neighbors in the destination (H2b), with a few variations regarding migrant females differing from inside the relationship condition, cohort, and you may education-solutions hypothesis.
Instance recommendations is proven are essential virility actions in general as well as for migrants specifically (e.grams., Baykara-Krumme & Milewski, 2017; Milewski, 2007; Milewski, 2010a). I as well as work on relationship status while the an indicator out of an enthusiastic unobserved liberal value orientation regarding migrant ladies compelling them to has actually pupils regarding wedlock.
Hypothesis step three (H3)
New fertility behavior regarding migrant ladies converges across the migrant generations to the norm in the appeal. Within experience, another generation, exposed to the main-stream norms and you will societal regulations throughout their young people and you will reproductive ages, provides virility behaviour similar to that of neighbors, with regards to time and you will quantum, and a lot more therefore compared to first-generation-adaptation hypothesis.
To evaluate this type of hypotheses, i concentrate on the transition so you’re able to earliest and you can next births once the the initial birth purchases framing total fertility prices inside Eu nations. Even if with a first child is actually (nearly) common in Sweden and you can Poland, our very own efficiency have a tendency to subscribe the fresh new dialogue into the timing out of (first) parenthood and you may highlight the latest perception out-of migration toward fertility, contrasting migrants and stayers. On the other hand, the newest transition to help you a second child is normal inside the Sweden however, smaller very inside Poland; thus, we are going to high light not simply the differences between Polish migrants and you will (Polish) stayers and men and women anywhere between Shine stayers and Swedish natives.
Studies and techniques
I play with Swedish register research together with earliest revolution of your own Shine Generations and you can Gender Questionnaire (GGS) Footnote step 1 , focusing on ladies created in Poland and you can Sweden anywhere between 1950 and you may 1992. Both the Swedish files and also the GGS keeps good longitudinal settings, meaning that it’s relatively simple to help make the a couple of datasets comparable. Yet not, in choosing the study people and you may constructing the new explanatory details, particular limits are expected; talking about revealed after within this point plus in the brand new area into the details. New Swedish register study are gotten from the ‘Migrant Trajectories: Geographic Versatility, Loved ones Jobs, A position, Knowledge, and you will Personal Insurance when you look at the Sweden’ opportunity. The people is dependant on the new Historical People Data (Historiska befolkingsregistret), a beneficial longitudinal databases layer anyone that ever before already been joined inside the Sweden. Within this analysis, we interest especially with the females entered into the Sweden in 2010.
Brand new GGS study was collected inside the Poland within the late 2010 so you’re able to early 2011. In order to achieve a sample sized 20,000 people oversampling was utilized, which have forty eight,one hundred thousand contact visited to arrive that it mission. New response speed was 55% (Vignoli et al., 2018). To be as part of the shot options, anyone needed to be Polish-speaking, aged 18–79, and you may staying in a personal house. Beginning and you will marital histories was in fact built-up through retrospective issues. A maximum of 19,987 people participated in this new questionnaire, of exactly who eleven,578 had been female (Kotowska mais aussi al., 2019).
Certain women in the Shine GGS have lost details about the kid’s birth 12 months otherwise whether the boy are physical, observed, a foster-child otherwise a stepchild, and generally are thus excluded on data. Ladies in the fresh Swedish registers who had puzzling marital records, for instance marrying double consecutively as opposed to divorcing around otherwise elizabeth time, have also been omitted. Considering the knowledge-record approach on the paper, people with several age few days is actually omitted. Because marital standing data is offered by January 1, 1968 on the files, for most people divorce case or widowhood ‘s the basic inserted relationship event while there is no details about once they partnered. Some of these women are Shine migrants which married before moving to Sweden trans dating agency Italy and therefore are hence kept in the research, when you’re Swedish-born girls that have divorce or separation otherwise widowhood because their very first relationship experience try fell. Shine migrants without details about relationship reputation in the migration is actually also excluded.